Does God Exist? The Moral Argument

On March 7, I’m going to be starting a Facebook Live series: “Is Christianity True?” The intent of series is to explore the truth of Christianity. The schedule for the series is as follows:

March 7 – Does God exist? The Moral Argument

March 14 – Does God exist? The Cosmological Argument

March 21 – Can God be known and is the Bible reliable?

March 28 – Did Jesus rise from the dead?

April 4 – How could a good God allow suffering?

April 11 – Has science disproved religion?

April 18 – Is religion harmful?

April 25 – Q & A

If you’re interested in following the series, “Like” the Facebook page Wyoming Park Bible Fellowship and be prepared to tune in on the dates above, from 7:15 – 7:45.

The most basic question one must answer, not only for the Christian, but for anyone, is this: Does God exist? I believe that there are strong reasons to believe that He does, and the two most compelling reasons, at least for me, are the first two topics of this series: The Moral Argument and The Cosmological Argument. The Moral Argument reasons that if an objective moral law exists, a moral Lawgiver must also exist. The Cosmological Argument reasons that there must be a source or origin outside the universe, an unmoved Mover or Creator. The Moral Argument reasons from moral intuitions and the Cosmological from philosophy and, to a large degree, from science.

The Moral Argument

I will start with the Moral Argument. My two primary sources are C.S. Lewis’s Mere Christianity, book 1, and William Lane Craig’s Reasonable Faith: Christian Truth and Apologetics, chapter 4. Each frame the argument a little differently, but Craig’s approach is more systematic, so I’ll adopt his outline.

The Moral Argument can be framed as follows:

If God does not exist, objective moral values and duties do not exist.
Objective moral values and duties do exist.
Therefore, God exists
Step 1: If God does not exist, objective moral values and duties do not exist.

What do we mean by “objective moral values and duties”? By objective we mean that something is right or wrong, good or evil, independently of what people think or perceive. For instance, if the Nazi’s had successfully killed or brainwashed everyone who disagreed with their worldview, would the Holocaust still be evil? A person who believes in objective moral values, believes that, even if no one recognized it as such, the Holocaust would be evil.

The question remains, then, if God does not exist, could this still be true? Could we find the Holocaust objectively evil? There are two primary worldviews we must consider here, the Naturalist (or Materialist) worldview, and the Theistic worldview. By Naturalist, I mean, the belief that there is nothing outside of our material universe, that there is not God or lawgiver.

Could a Naturalist find a basis for exists of objective morals and duties? It doesn’t appear so. And, in fact, many explicitly deny such a reality. For instance, prominent atheist Richard Dawkins declares “There is at bottom no design, no purpose, no evil, not good, nothing but pointless indifference… We are machines for propagating DNA… It is every living object’s sole reason for being” (Craig quoting Dawkins). Indeed, on the Naturalist account of the world “moral values are just by-products of socio-biological evolution” (Craig).

The most detailed account of this “socio-biological evolution” I have read is Jonathan Haidt’s The Righteous Mind. Haidt aims to provide a sociological description of our “moral intuitions” and an explanation of where they came from. He argues that they are the product of, first, biological evolutionary processes and then, more rapidly, social processes. But, he is careful to note, that he isn’t referring to any objective reality when he speaks of morality. Instead, for Haidt, morality is what is good for the propagation of the tribe. Morality itself is an illusion.

On the Naturalistic view, there is no objective difference between a human and any other animal. Those who believe otherwise are guilty of speciesism. But we don’t hold animals to be moral agents. In nature, a hawk that captures a fish kills it, but does not murder it. And a second hawk that takes that same fish from the first hawk takes it but does not steal it. In the animal kingdom, rape and incest are frequent events, but we do not pass moral judgments on those species for whom it is common. Why should hold humans to a moral standard, especially if no objective moral standard exists?

The naturalist must conclude, then, that our moral intuitions are rooted not in moral objectivity, but either in the accidental path of our biological evolution, or the even more accidental nature of our habits, customs, feelings, or fashions.

I don’t want you to misunderstand the argument. I’m not saying that a person can’t be moral without believing in God, or that a person can’t recognize objective value in human beings apart from believing in God. Indeed, experience tells us that it is possible to recognize that humans are objectively morally different from animals and that objective morals and duties do exist, even without belief in God. This is what we see in Haidt’s The Righteous Mind. He cannot help by draw moral conclusions and declare moral duties, even though at the back of it all, he “knows” them to be mere illusions.

The Christian should expect this. Christians believe that God has given us each a sense of right and wrong, and that the only way to deny its reality is to consciously suppress that truth. Even if we succeed in adopting a sort of moral nihilism, though, we cannot help but make moral judgments as though there were really an external moral law to which we could appeal. Craig is careful to draw out this distinction in framing the argument: “I’m contending that theism is necessary that there might be moral goods and duties, not that we might discern the moral goods and duties that there are.” The question for the moral argument isn’t whether or not we’re able to see moral goods and duties, but whether or not they actually exist, or could exist apart from God.

Step 2: Objective moral values and duties do exist. 

C.S. Lewis begins Mere Christianity by reminding us of a scene we’ve witnessed many times: A quarrel.

“Sometimes it sounds funny and sometimes it sounds merely unpleasant; but however it sounds, I believe we can learn something very important from listening to the kind of things they say. They say things like this: ‘How’d you like it if anyone did the same to you?’ – ‘That’s my seat, I was here first’ – ‘Leave him alone, he isn’t doing you any harm’”

What we learn, says Lewis, is that when people argue in this way they aren’t merely saying that they don’t like what the other person is doing. Instead, they are appealing to some standard, of say fairness or compassion or empathy, which the other person has violated. This “standard” Lewis calls the Moral Law. It is what we would refer to in this context as the “objective moral values and duties.”

Now, most people recognize that this Moral Law really exists, and not only subjectively in our minds, but objectively in reality. Child abuse, rape, and genocide are evil. They violate an immutable Moral standard. What Larry Nassar did was objectively wrong. We don’t simply say that we didn’t like what he did, or that it was harmful to “propagation of the tribe.” We sense in our bones, that it was really evil.

Yet, there are some arguments against such an account of reality. For instance, is the argument that our moral intuitions developed from “natural” biological processes, a reason to doubt those moral intuitions. If Haidt’s theory of the origin of this “moral sense” were correct, should we doubt the reality of a moral law? No. If you believe that your eyesight developed through biological evolution, would you thus doubt the objectivity of the reality which you see? That would be preposterous. At best, this argument would show (if it shows anything) how we came to sense the Moral Law, not whether or not such a Moral Law actually exists.

Again, one could argue that there can be no such Moral Law because different people and different groups have such different conceptions of what is right and wrong. Yet, Lewis points out that these differences are no so divergent after all. There are differences, to be sure, but there are even more points of agreement. And, in the case where there are differences, we intuitively judge between those differences.

Lewis, writing during the age of World War II, asks whether or not we can judge between the British and the Nazi’s: “What was the sense in saying the enemy were in the wrong unless Right is a real thing which the Nazis at bottom know as well as we did and ought to have practiced? If they had no notion of what we meant by right, then, though we might still have had to fight them, we could no more have blamed them for that than for the colour of their hair.” In fact, we recognize the difference in the moral visions between the Nazi’s and the Allies, we judge them against a Standard, and we find the Nazi’s vision corrupted and twisted. How can we speak of moral progress, of say the abolition of slavery, if there is not some goal to which we are progressing?

Moral relativism ultimately breaks down. One moment we’ll be saying there is no Good or Evil, and the next we’ll notice some evil done to us. “It’s not fair! It’s unjust! How could they?” Or, perhaps, we’ll from the perspective moral relativism, judge those who establish a moral system we find constricting. But what are we judging them against? If it’s all a preference, how could we weigh our freedom of greater value that their restrictions? The words and feelings remain, but they have lost their meaning.

Indeed, I doubt whether anyone can really live consistently in a state of moral nihilism. I am thankful, in fact, that this doesn’t appear possible. Our moral intuitions give us a sense of moral reality, just as our physical senses give us a picture of physical reality. To deny either is to risk epistemological suicide.

Step 3: Therefore, God exists

Since it can be established that moral objective duties and values exist and that no reason for their existence can be found in a world without God, it follows that God exists.

What sort of God exists? First, He must be the source of that objective goodness, that Moral Law or standard against which we are able to judge everything else. If such a standard exists, it must exist in God. Secondly, if there are to be moral duties, if those standards are to apply to us in a meaningful sense, then He must also give us moral commands. He is the source of moral goodness – which exists as part of His essence – and he is the source of moral duties – which issue as binding commands directly from His nature.

Based on this argument alone, we’re still a long ways off from Biblical Christianity, but that’s why there are eight sessions in the series.

Discipleship and the Body of Christ

Every church is faced with the following question: How do we go about making disciples, mature followers of Jesus. One way we try to do this at our church is by having a “discipleship process.” This process is intended to cover the basics of what it means to follow Jesus. The “steps” of this process are Worship, Connect, Grow, and Reach.

If we relate discipleship process to the body of Christ metaphor we can see, through a new perspective, why each of these is important.


Here’s the interesting thing in Galatians. Paul takes pains to emphasize the freedom we have in Christ which is freedom from these lists (in his case circumcision, special observance of certain holy days) but in Galatians 5 we still see two lists. The first list is a “vice list” and the second list is a “virtue list.” ... Virtue and vice lists are common for Paul. So, we might ask, why can Paul make lists and we can’t? Or, rather, what makes a list a form of legalism (in opposition to the gospel) and what makes it legitimate (springing from the gospel)?

Our Core Values

I have tried to rephrase these values as “loves” since you value what you love. What you love you also pursue, so when we hold these things as values they also form what we aim for – our vision and our daily and long-term goals.

Selective Hearing

When I was a kid I spent a lot of time at my friend C’s house. His dad had some seriously selective hearing. If we were in the same room as him we had to practically shout to be heard. But, when I would spend the night we would often stay up late watching TV. The TV was in the living room downstairs and C’s dad slept upstairs. We would turn the TV down as low as possible and sit really close. Even then, it seemed, C’s dad would come down stairs and tell us the sound of the TV was disturbing his sleep. I think we eventually resorted to using those wireless TV headphones, sharing a single pair, straining to hear the improv show In Living Color.

Despite Doubt: Sunday Night Series starts 2/23/2014

Everybody doubts; Christians, Atheists, scholars, students, pastors, even you. What do we do with those doubts? Are they beneficial or harmful? Are they essential for faith or do they hinder it? If you’re troubled by doubts, how do put them to bed?

A “Top-Button” Truth

In gods at war Idleman offers a jewel of a metaphor for idolatry. In describing “the god of family” he observes that we are called to honor our parents, but are called to worship God. We are to love our children but only God is worth of worship. He describes this as a “top-button” truth

7 Questions that Diagnose the Idols in Your Life (via gods at war)

While on our recent trip to South Carolina we stopped in Kentucky to visit some friends. At a restaurant on the river we met up with Corky, the pastor who performed our wedding. Corky is on the pastoral staff of Southeast Christian Church in Louisville and was gracious enough to give me a copy of gods at war by Kyle Idleman, who is the teaching pastor of Southeast.

Reconciling Hebrews 4:12-13 with my experience of it

In a couple of Sundays I will be teaching on Hebrews 4:14 – 5:10. If you would like a recap of where we are in Hebrews, here’s a brief reflection on Hebrews 4:12-13. This well known text powerfully captures what theologians call the “efficacy” of God’s Word.

Baptisms, Business Meetings, and Busted Knees

This past Sunday was quite exciting at our church.

I just want to be ______. [Attic After School Recap]

As the kids streamed in to Attic After School I asked each to complete the sentence “I just want to be _____” on a little slip of paper. I got a total of 35 responses.

Praying with the Church, for my City

Tonight at 7:00 a group from our church will be meeting together for our weekly prayer meeting. I have the privilege of leading it for the next few months with a study called Praying with the Church, for the City.

On Faith: Something Better for Us

After inspiring us with stories of bold faith the author of Hebrews 11 takes a somewhat surprising turn when he says, “these were all commended for their faith, yet none of them received what had been promised…”

On Faith: In Victory and Defeat

This passage teaches us two things. First: Defeat for the sake of Christ is really victory. Second: If you live by faith your reward will come. It might not come in this life, but it will come.

Book Review: Altar Ego by Craig Groeschel

Altar Ego by Craig Groeschel is a book about becoming who you are in Christ, followed by an exhortation to live out that new identity.

Can I Thank God For This?

I’ve heard a broad range of opinions on how Christians should consume media - what we should watch, listen to, etc. This Sunday, in my class on The Hole in Our Holiness, we’ll spend some time looking into that question.

On Faith: Life Without Fear

I want to live a life without fear.

When I was in High School and Middle School I feared a lot of things. I feared being lonely, being left out. I feared failure. I feared those around me I saw as being popular and powerful. I feared death. More specifically, I feared what would happen to me after I died.

Moses, the man of faith, learned how to live a life without fear.

On Faith: Rube Goldberg Machine

I struggled for a while on how to teach Hebrews 11:20-22 to the Attic After School kids. The first challenge was to figure out what in the world these verses had to do with faith. Before this we saw great acts of faith from Noah and Abraham - guys who really went out on a limb to please God.

These verses are about Isaac, Jacob, and Joseph doing something that by comparison, seems a lot less daring - giving speeches before they died. Isaac is blessing Jacob. Jacob is blessing Joseph’s sons. And Jospeh is giving instructions about his bones. Bo-ring.

Five Dangers to Your Faith

There are many dangers, internal and external, to your faith. These five share a common theme: they are each the result of simple neglect.

Advice for College students

My first year of college was a positive experience (and so were my second, third, fourth, fifth, etc.) It was a time for me to gain a greater sense of self-identity and to reaffirm and “own” my childhood faith. I didn’t know it at the time but it was also a perilous period of my life. Since that time I’ve seen how the failure to engage with a Christian community in college can seriously damage a college student’s faith.

On Faith: A Painful Story

When I was in Seminary I had to translate Genesis 22:1-14 (God testing Abraham). Translation requires slow and careful attention to every word. It’s impossible to translate (for non-experts) quickly. The problem is that Genesis 22:1-14 is one of those stories you want to get to the end of quickly.

Church Values: Church has Value

The response of worship is first of all a posture of the heart, mind, and will. But, like all religious responses, the internal “heart” response must always be followed by actions (James 2:14-26, 1 John 3:17-18). So, if we are to worship God properly we must do so not only in our hearts, but with our actions as well.

Book Review: Church for the Fatherless

“Our culture’s decision-making created the mythology of the superfluous father.” -Jonetta Rose Barras

By Faith: Delay Gratification

I heard about a study where researches offered young children the choice between getting one marshmallow now and waiting for a few minutes to get two marshmallows. Some kids took the single marshmallow while others waited and received two. As the researches followed the lives of the kids, they discovered that those who waited generally did better in life. This is the principle of delayed gratification and it is a very important life skill.

Church Values: Leadership Accountability

Over the past few weeks, Pastor John and I have been trying to highlight some of our church values. A couple weeks ago I did a blog post on our value of “holistic Gospel mission.” Yesterday, John spoke to our church about our value to have accountability in leadership.

On Faith: Believing the Impossible

I knew this was an unsafe question to ask – “what do you want, wish for, hope for, that you believe is impossible?” This is how I should have expected the middle and high school students at Attic After School to respond.

On Faith: Loosen Your Grip

In the words of Jim Elliot: “He is no fool who gives up what he cannot keep to save what he cannot lose.”

Our Values: Gospel Mission

Halfway around the world, fighting has broken out along the border between the Democratic Republic of Congo and Rwanda. The violence has thrown the already volatile and troubled region into renewed chaos. Residents are fleeing the city of Goma.

The Prophet and The Great Commission

The Gospel of Jesus contains within it the double joy of proclaiming the truth the future is already here and that the fullness of our hope is yet to come.

On Faith: Crazy Guy with a Boat

When I was in High School, the worst part of the day was lunch time. It was the worst part of the day because I didn’t have many friends to sit with in the cafeteria. I did find some people I sort of knew, but I was always the odd one out and rarely participated in their conversations. After they ate, I would either awkwardly hang around or head off alone to my locker.

On Faith: Pleasing God

Who are you trying to please? What kinds of rewards are you looking for?

God’s Presence, Union and Communion, and Deuteronomy 31-33

The presence of God for Israel, both in taking the land, and in experiencing the blessings of the land, resulted in tangible results and, for them, it made all the difference in the world. We as Christians, however, are left with the challenge of understanding what God’s presence means for us today.

How to get the most out of fixed-prayers

I am relatively new to the practice of praying fixed (that is, pre-written) prayers like the Lord’s Prayer, the Gloria, and the Psalms. Praying these fixed prayers has added new vitality into my prayer life but, like any religious practice, praying fixed prayers can actually become lifeless or even dangerous.

On Faith: Enoch

Abel’s story of faith ended with his death (11:4). Enoch (Gen 5:21-25), on the other hand, never experienced it.


I was part of a brief Twitter exchange today. After my initial response, my interlocutor replied. “you are right. #IJustGotPastored” I’m pretty sure that makes me an official pastor now.

On Faith: Abel

From a human perspective, Abel’s story is kind of tragic. He offered a sacrifice that pleased God. This offering made his brother Cain jealous, which led to Abel’s untimely and violent demise. What does an offering offered in faith get you? Murdered by your jealous brother.

On Faith: Creation

“By faith we understand that the universe was formed at God’s command, so that what is seen was not made out of what is visible.” Hebrews 11:3

Last week, after coming home from Attic After School, I commented to my wife that the students did a really good job of paying attention during Talk Time. This was surprising to me for two reasons. First, it’s just really hard to get twenty middle and high school students to pay attention for a ten minutes – no matter what it’s about. Second, my Talk Time last week was rather philosophical in nature.

On Faith: Defined

This semester for Talk Time in Attic After School I’m working through Hebrews 11, affectionately called “The Hall of Faith.”

Are All Sins the Same?

One issue that Kevin DeYoung addresses in The Hole in our Holiness is “the notion that every sin is the same in God’s eyes.”  DeYoung points out that in many cases, this sentiment is expressed as a form of genuine humility – “I deserve God’s wrath too. So how can I judge your mistakes?”  Since ours is a church quick to love and slow to judge (excellent qualities!) you hear this sentiment expressed a lot.

According to DeYoung, though, it’s only partially true.

The Hole In Our Holiness - Book Review

“The hole in our holiness is that we don’t really care much about it”

Donald Trump Tells Liberty Students to “Get Even”. Really?

Donald Trump gave the convocation speech at Liberty University’s earlier this week and it should surprise no one that he said some controversial things. I haven’t listened to the speech, so I don’t have the whole context, but I was taken aback by one line:

“I always say don’t let people take advantage - this goes for a country, too, by the way - don’t let people take advantage. Get even.”

The Unique Task of the Church

I was blessed to attend the West Cannon Pastors conference over the last two days. Kevin DeYoung and Michael Horton were the speakers and both did an excellent job. One message from Kevin DeYoung, on the mission of the church, had me saying “amen.” I was so excited, in part, because his message resonated with a recent experience of mine. First, I’ll share the story, then I’ll share a little of Kevin’s message.

Swiper, the helpful fox?

“Swiper is getting the ball for Boots out of the volcano”

A Faith of Our Own – Book Review

I thought my upbringing was pretty political but after reading A Faith of our Own I don’t think it holds a candle to Jonathan Merritt’s. He grew up in the highly politicized church culture of the South. In his book, he questions the wisdom of such a close wedding of faith and partisan politics. He also describes how younger evangelicals are reacting against this strategy of political engagement. The question Merritt addresses in his book is whether this is simply a knee-jerk reaction of the young and idealistic, or whether it actually comes from a deeper reflection on the Bible and the Gospel as demonstrated in the life, death, and resurrection of Jesus. He also describes the various forms this “reaction” takes. Here are two:

A Faith of Our Own – C.S. Lewis Money Quotes

I’m about half the way through Jonathan Merritt’s A Faith of Our Own and hope to post a review once I finish. For now, however, I want to mention a couple of quotes that sum up a lot of Merritt’s thesis (so far anyway). Ironically, these quotes aren’t from Merritt, they’re his quotations of C.S. Lewis.

What I meant to say is… posted a story about my book project, “Prayers for My City: Wyoming”. The article gets the basic idea across but many of my quotes are, well, terrible.

Review of The Juvenilization of American Christianity

The Juvenilization of American Christianity by Thomas E. Bergler is one part history book and one part critique of what he calls the “juvenilized” version of Christianity.

Individuals and Groups

When I was in Seminary one of my professors asked the class the question, “what is the relationship between individuals and groups?” At the time, my answer was that groups are simply collections of individuals. If you want to change a group, change the individuals. I’ve come to believe that my initial answer is really only part of the truth.

What Is Fixed-Hour Prayer?

I have recently started researching and practicing something called “fixed-hour prayer.” So what exactly is fixed-hour prayer? One excellent resource of this topic, especially for low-church Protestants like me, is Praying With the Church by Scot McKnight. He does an excellent job of introducing the reader to this historic practice.

To Transform a City p2: Words Clarify, Deeds Verify

“The incarnational message of Jesus was made manifest through word and deed. He would both show and tell, and his words clarified his deeds while his deeds verified the truth of his words.” (To Transform a City, 128).

Is the Church a “who” or a “what”?

Is the Church a “who” or a “what”?

Deuteronomy 27-28 in < 400 Words

Last Sunday (7/8) the message was on Deuteronomy 27-28 which covers the pronouncements of blessings and curses for Israel. Brevity takes (and builds) discipline. To that end, here is my attempt to summarize the main points. As an exercise I limited myself to 400 hundred words. Word count starts now…

What’s The Problem?

Every worldview needs to answer the question, “what is the problem in the world?” How you answer this question will determine the kind of solution you look for.

Review of Tozer’s Knowledge of the Holy

“The history of mankind will probably show that no people has ever risen above its religion, and a man’s spiritual history will positively demonstrate that no religion has ever been greater than its idea of God”. – A.W. Tozer, The Knowledge of the Holy

Reflections on Too Busy Not To Pray

I just finished reading Bill Hybels’ classic “Too Busy Not To Pray.”

Why it’s OK to Sing “Our God” in Public Worship

I got into an interesting online discussion this week. I will spare you the details but one interesting question arose that I think is worthwhile to discuss here. The question was this, is the pluralism of Paul’s (pre-Christian) time different from the (post-Christian) pluralism of today? You may wonder why this is an important question. It turns out how you answer this question as serious implications for worship and mission today.

Deuteronomy 12-26 in Under 400 Words

Last Sunday (6/10) the message was on Deuteronomy 12-26 where I attempted to answer the question “What’s the Purpose of the Law in Deut. 12-26”? Brevity takes (and builds) discipline. To that end, here is my attempt to summarize the main points. As an excise I limited myself to 400 hundred words. Word count starts now…

Family Worship: Final Reflections

Our family is now into a pretty good groove when it comes to family worship. We’re still not 100% consistent but the pattern is established. God has given our family a few blessings I did not expect.

Baptism Sunday

This Sunday, we have Wyoming Park Bible Fellowship get to experience the joy of four baptisms. Here’s a brief reflection

Book Review: Reimagining the Kingdom by Jeremy Bouma

Jeremy Bouma and I attended Grand Rapids Theological Seminary around the same time and, I believe, even shared a class or two. This week he sent me a copy of his new book, Reimagining the Kingdom, which takes a hard look at some theology present in the Emergent church. The book is a great resource for those interested in the movement. He asked me to write a review for him, which I have included below.

The Fourth Lie

The fourth lie Israel had to reckon with was this: “Sin isn’t really that bad.” This would lead them to two related lies; “leaving some sin around won’t be a problem” and “as God’s people we’re above God’s judgment.”

Lies God’s People Tell Themselves (Deuteronomy 7-10)

Last Sunday (5/13) the message was on Deuteronomy 7-10. Brevity takes (and builds) discipline. To that end, here is my attempt to summarize the main points. As an excise I limited myself to 400 hundred words. Word count starts now…

Family Worship 5: Simplicity, Authenticity, Participatory

Sometimes I overthink things. I know, it’s hard to believe but it’s true. I can think around in circles and never actually do anything. I’m pretty sure I’m not alone, though. This can be a danger when establishing family worship in our homes.

Family Worship 4: Make Time

The best way to get into a consistent pattern of family worship (or to get into a consistent pattern of anything) is to put it on the schedule.

Family Worship 3: Taking Leadership

If family worship is going to happen parents will need to take on that leadership role. Family worship and discipleship doesn’t “just happen.” It requires the intentionality of someone who is willing to make it happen.

Family Worship 2: Being Convinced

The main thing that will kill family worship before it even gets off the ground is a lack of conviction. If you don’t believe you really need to do it, you won’t, or at least not for long.

Family Worship Part 1

Christian parents bear the responsibility to teach their children about God and his Word. And, as the above passage from Deuteronomy shows, this is a continual activity. As Voddie Baucham puts it, “multi-generational faithfulness is an all-day, everyday process.” Given such a massive task, where should parents start?

Can you make judgments without being judgmental?

In modern usage, “making moral judgments” and “being judgmental,” are nearly synonymous. It is impossible to say that a particular action is wrong (making a moral judgment) without also being labeled as judgmental. The Bible, on the other hand, regularly encourages us to make moral judgments (or more accurately faithfully accept the judgments revealed in God’s Word) while strongly arguing against being “judgmental.”

Hope Without God?

A new billboard went up in Grand Rapids this week which read “You don’t need God to hope, to care, to love, to live.” This billboard has caused quite a bit of controversy but it is also an opportunity for Christians to clarify, embody, and proclaim a message of hope, love, and eternal life only available through God.

Reflections on Osama bin Laden’s death

My emotional reaction to hearing of bin Laden’s death was much stronger than I would have expected it to be.

What I Learned About Worship: College

After high school I attended college at Grand Valley State University. Aware that my faith would be challenged in this secular school I began attending InterVarsity Christian Fellowship. The group was committed to sharing the story of Jesus with the campus, to studying God’s Word, and to practicing multi-cultural worship.

What I Learned About Worship: Summer Camps

In my last post I wrote about what I learned about worship in childhood. Part of the learning process came through my experiences at week-long summer camps I attended in middle and high school. These camps introduced me to a whole new model of worship. I went from singing in pews to standing and raising my hands in an emotionally charged atmosphere.

What I Learned about Worship: Childhood

Over the next few weeks I’ll be sharing stories from my life which mark turning points in my understanding of the meaning of worship in the life of the believer and the church. This week: Childhood.

I grew up in a small Southern Baptist church in Northern Michigan. My dad was an elder and my mom played the organ. The pastor’s wife was the pianist. We sang a lot of hymns. My friend and I used to see who could open the hymnal to the exact right page on the first try. We were successful more often than you might imagine. We sang a lot of hymns. In many respects our church had the epitome of the “traditional” worship service.

Five Ways to Connect at WPBF

At Wyoming Park we love to get together and have fun! We don’t just do it for our own enjoyment. We do it because we believe that in coming together we’re taking the first steps towards following Jesus’ command to “love one another.” Here are five ways to join in the fun.

Five Great Quotes on Teamwork

I’m reading through “The Leadership Challenge” by Kouzes and Posner. Some of my favorite quotes are from the chapter on collaboration and teamwork. These quotes, though written in a secular book, ring with biblical wisdom.

Friday Five: 5 Reasons WPBF can Praise God this Week

I’m sure we have a lot more than five reasons to praise God as a church this week but here are a few I’m grateful for.

Friday Five: 5 New Year’s Resolution Ideas from Ecclesiastes

Struggling to find some New Year’s resolutions? Here are some suggestions inspired by the big ideas of the book of Ecclesiastes.

  1. Find joy in everyday life (Ecclesiastes 3:12-13): In your daily prayer life commit to giving thanks. Better yet, over dinner with your family give thanks for the blessings of your day.
  2. Remember God in your youth (Ecclesiastes 12:1): The New Year is a great time to refocus and commit to regular times of prayer and Bible reading. Read through the New Testament. Pick up one of WPBFs devotional guides. Set aside time each day to turn your heart and mind to God.

Friday Five: Five Things to Remember on Christmas Morning

  1. It’s all about Jesus: Take some quiet time to consider what you’re celebrating – God coming to earth to redeem the world. Growing up my family read through the Christmas story. I think that’s a good tradition to bring forward.
  2. You have a family: As transplants in GR sometimes my wife and I sometimes feel a little disconnected around the holidays. It’s good for us to remember that we have a church family who loves and supports us. On Christmas, it’s also good to remember that Jesus is our “eldest brother.” (Hebrews 2:11)

Friday Five: Five things I’m thankful for this Christmas

  1. New life: This is my baby’s first Christmas and while she won’t remember it, we sure will.
  2. Roots: After years of school and living in apartments, it’s good we can begin the process of putting down roots.